Authors: Roshan Ayyalasomayajula, Deepak Vasisht, and Dinesh Bharadia
State of the art localization using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) devices uis based on RSSI, while Wi-Fi has achieved decimeter level localization using Channel State Information (CSI) based localization. With this work we bring CSI based sub-meter level accurate localization for BLE tags. We achieve this by enabling relative wideband CSI measurements for BLE devices with following three main contrinutions. Further details and implementaiton of BLoc can be found in our paper published in CoNEXT 2018.
BLE devices employ GFSK modulation which makes the frequency continuously vary at the receiever end. To oevercome this BLoc employs un-whitened long sequences of 1’s and 0’s to stabilize the frequency as shown.
Further BLE trnasmissions hapen in a band of 2MHz bandwidth, we overcome this limited bandwidth by extending the bandwidth by stitching across all the 37 data bands of BLE device.
Finally, as the transmitter and receiver have heir unique clocks based intial phases that differe for each band making the phase across the 37 bands highly non-linear. We overcome this by measureing relative channels.
These contributions enable relative wideband CSI measurements for BLE devices thus enabling sub-meter accurate, robust indoor localization for BLE tags. You can find further details in the following video and implementation details in our paper.
Our WCSNG group inspired from the need of contact tracing and proximity sensing, has developed a BLE based proximity sensing called BluBLE to tackle with the COVID-19 pandemic.Feb 2019
BLoc published in Dec 2018 has prposed the idea of long sequences of 1's and 0's along with multiple antenna BLE master to enable AoA esitmation along with relative ToF esimation. Later in January 2019, BLE 5.1 has propsoed CTE (series of un-whitened 1's) based protocol for AoA esitmation.